Resia is an Alpine valley in north-eastern Italy.
It is surrounded by the high mountains of the Julian Alps: the Canin Mountains in the north and east, and by the ridge of Monte Musi in the south. The only passage through this isolated valley is towards the west to the Fella Valley or Canal del Ferro. Another way from the valley is on the narrow winding road across the mountain pasture Sella Carnizza towards Uccea.
Its territory covers the eponymous municipality in the Province of Udine. In the east, Resia borders Slovenian municipalities of Kobarid and Bovec. Trieste is about 90 and Udine only 35 km away. As of 2004 it had a population of 1244 and an area of 119 km2.
The Resians are eastern-Alpine inhabitants of the Resia Valley of Slavic origin, who developed a distinct dialect and culture because of their remote location outside Slovenia. With fertile soil so scarce in the valley, the Resians always looked for work abroad. They travelled all across Europe, mainly as peddlers and later also as fruit and vegetable merchants. They were also known as knife grinders, sharpening knives and scissors, and repairing pots and umbrellas in their portable workshops that they carried around on their bikes. Women, who usually took care of the cattle at home and carried hay from the high meadows in big baskets on their backs, often filled their baskets with woodenware (made at home during long winters) and took off to faraway places to sell it.
Resian dialect of Slovenian language is different from one village to another, but if you are Slovenian and you try really hard, you might even understand it. The first written record in this dialect is the Lord’s Prayer from the 18th century, which can be seen in the church in the village of San Giorgio. At the end of the 20th century the Resian language finally received its first spelling rules.
Resian ceremonies, songs, music, dance and fairy tales are original and have been revamped by many artists in the 20th century. Also characteristic are Resian Shrove Tuesday carnival masks.
The settlements in the valley are Prato, San Giorgio, Oseacco, Gniva, Lischiazze, Stolvizza, and Coritis in the pocket of the valley, but its residents do not stay there throughout the year.